Posts Tagged ‘Regular sound change’

Regular sound change

15 October, 2010

Examples of regular sound change in Punjabi and Hindi

The first column contains Sanskrit words with a consonant followed by a short vowel followed by two dissimilar consonants (c1vc2c3).

The second column contains the corresponding Punjabi word that show assimilation (परसवर्ण सन्धिः) of the last two consonants (c1vc2c2)

The third column has the Hindi word with the short vowel changed to its long form (with optional nasalisation) and the consonant cluster simplified to a single consonant (c1Vc2). The length of the syllable (मात्रा) remains the same.

Sanskrit

Punjabi   [Devanagari transliteration]

Hindi

c1vc2c3

c1vc2c2

c1Vc2

हस्त

ਹੱਥ  [हत्थ]

हाथ

सप्त

ਸੱਤ  [सत्त]

सात

अष्ट

ਅੱਠ  [अट्ठ]

आठ

कर्तन

ਕੱਟਨਾ  [कट्टना]

काटना

कर्म

ਕੰਮ  [कम्म]

काम

अर्ध

ਅੱਧਾ  [अद्धा]

आधा

अद्य

ਅੱਜ  [अज्ज]

आज

चन्द्र

ਚੰਨ  [चन्न]

चाँद

सर्प

ਸੱਪ  [सप्प]

साँप

अक्षि

ਅੱਖ  [अक्ख]

आँख

सिद्ध?

ਸਿੱਧਾ  [सिद्धा]

सीधा

दुग्ध

ਦੁੱਧ  [दुद्ध]

दूध

पुत्र

ਪੁੱਤ  [पुत्त]

पूत

ਜਿੱਤਨਾ  [जित्तना]

जीतना

ਤਿੰਨ  [तिन्न]

तीन

सुप्त

ਸੁੱਤਾ  [सुत्ता]

ਘੁੰਮਨਾ  [घुम्मना]

घूमना

ਧੁੱਪ  [धुप्प]

धूप